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The Art of Sampling in Hip Hop Music

Have you ever asked yourself how those producers make their greatest-of-all-time beat that brought the golden era of Hip Hop in the 90’s? They didn’t create the melody themselves. In fact, instead of spending hours making melodies like composers, Hip Hop producers spend most of their time looking for sounds from existing songs that can be looped to make their own beat, which formed a technique called “Sampling”.

Sampling is just simply reusing a particular of an existing song to record in order to make a new song. It’s a two-way benefits: create the new and revive the old. As new songs come up, old songs fade out and become forgotten. With sampling, producers are given the opportunity to not only express their taste in their own beat but also inspire the audience how great old song used to be. Check out some of greatest beat made by sampling techniques

10 Crack Commandment by Biggie Smalls and Les McCann by Vallarta


Maria Maria by Santana and Wild Thought by Dj Khaled ft. Rihanna, Bryson Tiller

Why Can’t We Live Together by Tommy Thomas and Hotline Bling by Drake

On the other hand, sampling technique has opened a new horizon of creativity for many other musical artists, especially Dj. Instead of mixing one track with another unrelated track, DJ can actually play around with the original sample of a hip hop track and that track itself. This will bring the surprise to the party heads, along with the hype. DJ Premiere is one of the pioneers bringing this approach on his set.

In shorts, Hip Hop music, especially Old School Boom Bap beats, is usually made to be simple. While the drum and snare drum are responsible for making people bounce their heads, the looped sample are what make them groove and start to make some moves. As a true Hip Hop lover, besides listening and grooving to the Hip Hop beat, you may want to know how the beat was created by looking for original sample of the Hip Hop track to understand and appreciate more of the ideas and the efforts that producers had been working on to nurture the culture of Hip Hop music.

I hope y’all find this article interesting. Feel free to share with me your thought. We’re all connected by music here :).

Batman movie plot rumor – What might go wrong?

In the last few days (or weeks), there have been an awful lot of news and rumors around the new The Batman movie by Matt Reeves, starring Robert Pattinson. Either it’s about Pattinson sharing his experience with the Batsuit, asking for advice from one of his seniors – Christian Bale, or rumors about villains’ casting. But the piece that actually grabbed my attention is where they gave us a plot prediction regarding a rumor and the director’s interview back in January. In short, here’s what the rumor says:

The Batman will explore a detective case – when people start dying in strange ways Batman must go deep into the dark world of Gotham to find clues and solve the mystery/conspiracy connected to Gotham City’s history and criminals.

In the film all of Batman Rogues Gallery are already out there and active similar to the comics and animated shows/movies. The film will have multiple villains as they are all suspects.

“Hey there Batsy!” Source

So, assuming the rumor is true, what can we expect of the final product?

From what I think, this idea have a lot of things done right, but there are also possible risks that the filmmakers should pay attention to.

We know. Ya parents dead. Move on dood. Source

The first thing we can see is that this new movie will have a high chance to skip Batman’s origin story, ya know the “my parents was shot in an alley” part, and jump straight to him being Batman for a while with his established Rogue Gallery. I’m not saying that part sucks, quite the contrary, to me Bruce Wayne’s origin is one of the most crucial catalysts in his journey to become the Batman. But after a huge amount of adaptations of Batman on both big and small screens, I believe it’s safe to say that us viewers are ready to move on from it, and so does Bruce.

Take the latest portrayal of Spider-Man for example. Do we know about uncle Ben’s famous quote “With great power, comes great responsibility”? Yes. Do we need to hear him say that for the 3rd time? Not really. Instead, we heard Peter’s own understanding of that phrase when he talked to Tony in Civil War. That approach is actually quite nicely done, because it showed us that even though Peter is already swinging around the neighbourhood helping people, his uncle’s words still resonates with him to a large extent. Same goes for Bruce. I’m not against they bringing up his parents’ deaths, just that it would be better if they can execute it in a subtle way and not letting it take much screen time.

Then show us! Source

Secondly, Reeves’ idea of bringing a new sway around Batman’s journey to become the world’s greatest detective is as good as it is creatively. Take Nolan’s trilogy for example. I love it, and I would not change a thing about it. Well actually… maybe the fight scenes could be better choreographed, ’cause all the punching and kicking looked like ballet to me. Jokes aside, we can see that the detective factor was not the primary focus of all Nolan’s 3 films. Same goes for other Batman interpretation, such as Clooney’s, Keaton’s, or Affleck’s. The detective bits are always there, just that we can’t really see them reading criminal files, or interrogating some third rate douches to find the main villain in the shadow, struggling in their heads. That’s why Reeve’s idea, if done right, will make his Batman live up to the name World’s Greatest Detective.

Reading this plot leak gives me a very quick glimpse of what the film might be like, and I think that you guys feel the same way. I can vision a crime-detective genre movie with a dark and grim main theme where Batman go around Gotham screaming and banging villains’ heads to walls. Nothing wrong with it, really. But hey, does that sounds a little familiar to you? Hmm… Isn’t that dark feel already used in Nolan’s and DCEU’s version.

Dude… I’m TURNED ON! Source

No offence Mr. Clooney. Seriously, I know that Batman is dark from his suit to his spirit animal, but can’t we have something new in this interpretation of him? Sure, be dark, be grim, be sexy with your grunts and low Bat-voice, I don’t care. But if that is what’s gonna happen with The Batman, how can the viewers look at Reeves’ version for its originality and not a somewhat copycat of the successful Nolan’s trilogy?

As I have always been with every unreleased movies, I have my doubts and prediction, but I never judge any products before watching it myself. But as someone who have a special interest when it comes to superhero sci-fi, I don’t want to see a version of Batman that desperately tries to copy Nolan’s successful trilogy because WB failed in their attempt with DCEU’s Batman. My dear reader, what do you think after reading my blog?

What direction is the new JOKER movie following, exactly?

The final trailer of the upcoming JOKER movie dropped right in our faces just a few days ago. I don’t know about you guys, but I have insanely high hopes for this movie. Partly because this is the latest incarnation of the clown prince of crime loved by many, or because it has nothing to do with the Worlds of DC (as DC refers to their cinematic universe). But mostly, it’s because of that The Killing Joke and Gotham vibe I get from all these trailers and teasers.

From sad clown…

So firstly… what’s The Killing Joke? Some of you may have memorized every single detail of it, some may be completely clueless. Therefore to get everyone on to the same page, I’m going to write a short summary on this iconic graphic novel by Alan Moore.

Pretty sure y’all have seen this photo somewhere. Source

The story starts with Batman coming into Arkham Asylum to talk with Joker about their relationship, and his effort to try and turn things around. However, he found out Joker is already outside, and is up to his own jizz. This time, Joker determine to execute all kinds of terrible stuff to Jim Gordon in order to make Jim turn crazy and prove his ultimate point: All it takes is one bad day to reduce the sanest man alive to lunacy.(we will get to that later). Throughout the story, we also see multiple flashback scenes of Joker when he was still a somewhat sane man, or at least, what the mad clown think was his past. Let’s take a quick look at it.

Experience the magic here.

Seems familiar? In this origin, Joker was a failing comedian struggling to get gigs and money to support his family (wife and expecting kid). Even though his wife is genuinely supportive, the guy is still obsessed with his feeling of uselessness. And to me, this situation is without a doubt one of the biggest reason why the mad clown was born, as similar to Joaquin Phoenix’s version.

How so? Well, do you think Arthur (or whathisname in The Killing Joke) just snapped and became crazy, just like that? I beg to differ. One bad day is all it takes to turn a sane man crazy, that’s his philosophy. But in the Alan Moore’s version, even though Joker has done all the worst things to Jim Gordon, including raping his daughter and making him watch an entire musical out of it, Jim still stand. He even requested Batman to bring Joker in, by the book, not to kill him. So no, I think that one bad day doesn’t just happened with any man. Arthur… well the guy was already cracked before everything, if you ask me. He was already living a shitty life with a shitty career. As Phoenix’s Joker beautifully put it:

All I have are negative thoughts.

Arthur Fleck, Joker, 2019

The person hearing this, as we saw in the trailer, is Arthur’s therapist, who seemingly is helping him keep himself together. When she said that it’ll be their last time seeing each other, I immediately knew that is going to be one of his turning points, his catalysts to become the Joker, along with his mother lying on hospital bed and all.

… to mad clown.

What about his goal? I hope you haven’t forget what I said in the beginning, ’cause this is where the Gotham part comes in.

I meant Gotham as in the TV series. Source

If there are two things both Gotham’s Joker and Phoenix’s Joker (from what I gained by watching trailers) have in common, it will undoubtedly be their PURPOSES & METHODS. The signs are there, and I will be happy to point some of them out for you.

At this point, I believe it’s safe to say Batman, as we know him, will not be who he is today without the Joker’s presence in his life. The pair is the exact opposite of each other. If Batman is dark and grim, Joker is bright and colorful. If Batman is calm and thorough, Joker is crazy and loud. And if Batman is the symbol of fear for all villains around Gotham city…

Joker is the symbol of insanity and chaos to all of its citizens.

Granted, there is no apparent “Batman” in Phoenix’s Gotham City. But before you start thinking I’m spouting shits everywhere, just watch the second half of the final trailer down below and think about it for a sec.

Watch from 0:51 till the end to see what I mean.

Lots of riots and chaos huh? All across the city, rioters all wear the same clown masks, as if they are following a cult, led by none other than the Joker himself. Still, while chaos are running around the city, we still see scenes where Arthur stands in the middle of the clown crowd with absolutely no makeup whatsoever. What could this possibly mean?

Well, this one I’m not too sure, but for the sake of you guys reading this, I’m going to take a wild guess. Arthur can stand so comfortably in the middle of the chaos because he has already published himself, as an icon, a symbol, and as a leader for every single person who is sick of their corrupted and mundane lives. He can either be in the crowd in his normal clothes, with face paint and a colorful suit, or wearing a clown mask similar to every other followers of his. It doesn’t matter. Everything has already been done.

Above are the character direction I think the new JOKER movie will set out for Joaquin Phoenix’s Arthur Fleck. Just like you guys, I can’t wait until October to see what Todd Phillips have prepared for this “masterpiece”. To end this article, I would like to ask you guys a superb question that I saw from Joaquin Phoenix’s interview at Venice film festival:

Do you think that Arthur turning into Joker is a defeat or an evolution?

Spider-Man: Far From Home — Tony Stark’s Greatest VS. Worst Creation

Spoiler alert: This article contains MAJOR SPOILERS for the new Hollywood blockbuster Spider-Man: Far From Home. Please continue at your own risk.

“You’re not Iron Man. You’re never going to be Iron Man. Nobody could live up to Tony. Not even Tony. Tony was my best friend, and he was a mess. He second-guessed everything he did. He was all over the place. The one thing that he did that he didn’t second-guess was picking you.

Happy, Spider-Man: Far From Home

To start off, I want to say this, Spider-Man: Far From Home is carrying more weight than you can ever imagine. It is the sequel to one of the most popular and anticipated franchises (Spider-Man) in the currently dominating cinematic universe (Marvel), directly following the events occurred in arguably one of the greatest superhero movies of all time (Avengers: Endgame). These, and the skyrocketed expectations of hardcore fans and moviegoers for this movie. If that is not enough pressure for you, I don’t know what is.

Official poster for Spider-Man: Far From Home.
Source

However, after seeing the movie for the first time today, I truly believe Spider-Man: Far From Home is now having a seat in my All-time Top 3 Spider-Man movies. I love it and I’m not saying this effortlessly. Overall, the film handled its events in a very subtle way. We can see people, ordinary people, suffering from the consequences of The Blip (our universe calls it The Snap). We see them paying tribute to the heroes that have fallen to restore the universe to its original state. Moreover, we still see Peter Parker as the 16 years old kid struggling to find ways to balance his real life and his hero life. That’s what we all lowkey want, right?

I still have plenty to talk about Far From Home, but to show you guys what I meant when I say I love this movie, I’m going to dig a little deeper into this one scene which I believe is the BEST scene of the entire movie. Are you ready? It’s going to have MAJOR SPOILERS and PERSONAL OPINIONS on Spider-Man: Far From Home up ahead, so continue at your own risk.

You remember when Peter and Beck (Mysterio) were in a pub, drinking after defeating the Fire Elemental? That scene. After the duo successfully defeated the final Elemental with Beck’s heroic act (yes, I did that) and Peter’s being criticized by Nick Fury, they entered a pub to get a drink. The two talked about the fight, how Beck was willing to sacrifice himself to save the world and Peter just didn’t think he was qualified to be the next Iron Man. After which, Peter left the pub, passing access permission of E.D.I.T.H (Tony’s A.R. assistant) to Beck, only for us to find out that Quentin Beck is a fraud leading a team full of Tony’s haters, and they just got what they wanted. The scene ended with Beck’s victory toast to his crew, grateful for everyone who made their plan a success, including Tony Stark and Peter Parker.

Fire Elemental — Mysterio’s final act to gain the superhero’s trust.
Source

The first and foremost reason on why this scene was so powerful to me was because it carries the tone for the ENTIRE movie, back and forth. As we were only able to perceive the story from Peter’s point of view, most events that happen prior to this scene were just typical rom-com issue: A high school kid having trouble expressing feelings for a girl he likes on a school trip. We don’t really see Peter’s mind focus on anything else besides that, even Nick Fury himself for that matter (well not really, but still…). Even though he is now a widely known superhero, Peter is constantly having doubts and always looks at himself as the “friendly neighborhood Spider-Man”, not the hero that Tony Stark entrusted to guide the next generation, which is definitely another teenager thing. That is what I find this movie to be so similar to Spider-Man 2, the hero still does all the heroic stuff like saving people and defeating bad guys, but in the end, they are just another human being like us. Far From Home did not stray away from this path and I think this is another key point to making this movie a success.

But the main question in the movie remains: Who is the next Iron Man? Who is the true heir to Tony Stark’s legacy?

“The world needs the next Iron Man, and it’s not going to be me. I mean I’m a sixteen year-old kid from Queens.

Peter Parker, 2019, Spider-Man: Far From Home

That leads us to our next point. After seeing Beck’s resemblance to Tony in his glasses, and the fact that Beck was seemingly sacrificing himself earlier to save the Earth, Peter completely entrusted him to be the next big superhero and he can stay on his ground being the “friendly neighborhood Spider-Man”. What Peter did NOT notice was that everything he did was according to Beck and his crew’s plan since the beginning. Mysterio only showed his true face (at least to non-comic fans) after he achieved his goal, which is the access to E.D.I.T.H, Tony’s final gift to Peter.

E.D.I.T.H (Even Death I’m The Hero) — Tony’s A.R assistant integrated into a pair of glasses. Source

But still, why is it such a POWERFUL and MEANINGFUL scene, you ask? Because it has done 2 great things. First, because we were able to see the true villain in this film, the final trial to see whether Peter is Tony’s greatest creation, is in fact Tony’s WORST creation ever: Tony’s Legion of Haters (dun..dun..duunnn…). All the people that resented Tony Stark now gathered into one room to make their voices heard, from the lab scientist who failed to replicate Tony’s arc reactor in Iron Man 1, to the unstable genius who lost his lifetime achievement into Tony’s hand and see him calls it “B.A.R.F” (Mysterio himself). Through 11 years of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, there were many times we see characters have to deal with Tony’s actions, heck, even Spider-Man’s first villain is another guy who hates Tony Stark. But after Robert Downey Jr. ending his contract with Marvel Studios in Avengers: Endgame, we will inevitably look at this detail differently. This is Marvel’s final tribute to Tony Stark. And what better way to pay tribute to MCU’s godfather by having the hero he had chosen fight his devil?

Secondly, along with introducing the main villain of the film to the audience, this scene also illustrates Beck (or his team) as a HIGHLY DANGEROUS manipulative genius and is not a force easy to be reckoned with. How Beck is ready to spend time by Peter’s side while no one else is (even Ned is with his girlfriend) and talk with him about “superhero stuff” only to gain Peter’s trust. The way he “heroically” nearly sacrificing himself to save an Earth that’s not his, acting superior to Spider-Man to imply that he should be the next Tony Stark. Considering Peter’s mental state after the fight with the Fire Elemental, this is a confirmed way out for him from all the big superhero actions. If it was me, I’d probably have done the same.

https://d13ezvd6yrslxm.cloudfront.net/wp/wp-content/images/spider-man-far-from-home-4-700x292.jpg?source=post_page---------------------------
Mysterio talking to Peter on the rooftop.
Source

Another factor to strongly contribute to this scene’s success is Tom Holland and Jake Gyllenhaal’s acting skills. For Holland, his performance brought to us a confused kid who just failed his big mission looking for an escape from all the responsibilities. And shout-out to Tom also for his performance in the prior scene when Fury was questioning Peter’s capability to step up and be the next Iron Man. Most of his face was covered by the black mask, but we can see his eyes wide open, slowly tear up, and oh man it was too much for me to handle. As for Jake, his great transition from an understanding friend to a manipulative villain within a few minutes of screen time is out of this Earth (yeah..I did that also). It’s hard to imagine anyone else beside these two to pull off such a performance like that.

Above are the key factors that I find to be crucial to make this scene my favorite in Spider-Man: Far From Home. Although there are many other things in the movie need to discuss, like how Peter is now designing his suit to his preference, these few minutes are what made me fell in love with the movie. And to me, while MCU Spider-Man may not be the next Iron Man role-wise, we will always see the image of Tony Stark through the young Peter Parker. So if you have not seen the movie, grab a ticket now! If you have, please share below what do you feel about this latest cinematic interpretation of the web-slinger. This is not for asking for comments, it’s a blog post for all I care, but because I have been a fan of MCU Tony Stark for a while now, I want to share about this special movie. Thanks for reading!